Insecurity, according to Vocabulary.com, is the state of being open to danger or threat; lack of protection. Insecurity can be of food, health, economic and political. It is one of the major social problems that its presence is felt globally both in developed and developing countries – in the developing countries comprising of Asia, Africa and Latin America, insecurity has been the rising phenomenon.
Insecurity is also defined as a breach of peace and security, whether historical, religious, economical, ethnical etc. that contributes to recurring conflicts and leads to wanton loss of lives and properties (Kubiat Umana, 2019). According to 2018 edition of Global Peace Index (GPI), Nigeria is ranked 148 out of 163 countries surveyed. This ranked Nigeria as the 16th least peaceful country in the world owing to kidnapping, insurgency, terrorism, militancy, etc. In Sub Sahara Africa, Nigeria ranked 40 out of 44 countries and 149 out of 151 countries surveyed in 2016.
The need for security is the basis of the social contract between the citizens and the state in which people willingly surrendered their rights to the government who oversees the survival of all. From this perspective, security embodies the mechanisms put in place to prevent and stem the surge of conflicts, threats from other states or non state actors. Security is vital for national cohesion, peace and sustainable development.
INSECURITY IN THE UNIVERSITY OF IBADAN
Insecurity in the University of Ibadan community has been a major phenomenon since time immemorial – the phenomenon which the Management had battled with through varyong such as the recruitment of the security unit known as Abefele which has not proven to be the perfect cure to this infirmity.
As pointed out by Herbert Blummer in Zastrow(1996), for any social problem, the first stage is the social recognition of a problem as a threat to the societal peace. The second stage is the stage of legitimating i.e. crafting an official response. The third stage is when state, institutions and people’s resources are mobilized for action i.e. the stage of collective onslaught which is the best in tackling insecurity in the University Community as well as Nigeria as a whole.
Towards achieving Security in the insecure University community, collective onslaught cannot be over emphasised i.e. there must be cooperation between the students and the management in the formulation of policies such as curfew, zero tolerance of male students loitering around the female halls, etc. The management, in formulating these policies is not anti-students rather pro-students’ welfare and security.
In the case of the male Halls of residence, various Defence Commissioners need be applauded owing to the institution of the Defence teams popularly known as the ‘Marshals. This has been one of the major means to the curbing of insecurity.
Moreover, collective onslaught might not be limited to the relationship between the University community and the neighboring communities, such as Agbowo community (first gate), Barika community (second gate), Ajibode community and the Polytechnic Ibadan. These relationships must be in place considering the fact that robbers and other perpetrators influx into the University community through these terrains.
The University community is just like any other institution with the issue of insecurity developing as a result of pathological social institution ranging from family through political to economic and religious institutions. Therefore, in order to attain a secured community where the protection of lives and properties are safeguarded, there is need for collective onslaught to stem the insecurity surge.
In conclusion, tackling insecurity requires collectivism. An African philosophical adage holds that, ‘when the grass field is on fire, the grasshoppers get restless’. A similar adage asserts that ‘when the stone climbs up, the earthen pot becomes afraid’. The entire world today is under the siege of very terrifying and destructive insecurity pathogens, the most outstanding of which have already been mentioned herein. The world therefore becomes more agitated, restless and afraid. For Nigeria as a political entity to combat insecurity, there is need for collective onslaught between the government, compatriots and patriots.